Propagación in vitro de cúrcuma (Curcuma longa L.) mediante embriogénesis somática directa con referencia a tipos de explantes y reguladores de crecimiento vegetal: una revisión

Contenido principal del artículo

Hewa Fonsekage Lakma Upendri
Thayamini H. Seran

Resumen

La cúrcuma (Curcuma longa L.) es una importante planta medicinal perteneciente a la familia Zingiberaceae. Es una planta triploide estéril, pero es una planta herbácea vital principalmente debido a sus rizomas subterráneos que se utilizan para diversos fines debido a sus propiedades físicas y químicas. La cúrcuma se propaga vegetativamente a través de los rizomas, sin embargo, la tasa de multiplicación es baja. Por otro lado, las técnicas de propagación in vitro se están utilizando con éxito para la propagación masiva de especies de Zingiber directa o indirectamente a través de organogénesis o embriogénesis somática. La regeneración directa de plantas es el método deseado para regenerar plantas genéticamente estables. En la embriogénesis somática directa, las células somáticas se diferencian directamente en embriones somáticos que tienen estructuras bipolares. Los estudios sobre la embriogénesis somática directa de la cúrcuma son muy limitados, por lo tanto, esta revisión resume la comprensión actual de los diferentes aspectos de la embriogénesis somática de la cúrcuma y los principales factores reguladores que la afectan.

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Lakma Upendri, H. F., & Seran, T. H. (2021). Propagación in vitro de cúrcuma (Curcuma longa L.) mediante embriogénesis somática directa con referencia a tipos de explantes y reguladores de crecimiento vegetal: una revisión. Revista Ciencias Agronómicas, (38), e011. Recuperado a partir de https://cienciasagronomicas.unr.edu.ar/index.php/agro/article/view/10
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